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Discover the fascinating people and places of Tunbridge Wells.Take a journey back in time to the 19th and early 20th century. See what the town was like in the days of the horse and carriage and what the people did who lived there. See the vintage postcards and photographs.Read the articles about the different trades and professions and the people who worked in them.Learn about the historic buildings and the town's colourful history.

This month I feature a lovely postcard view (card 61) of the drinking fountain in the Grosvenor Recreation Ground postmarked 1912. This image is by Harold H. Camburn of Tunbridge Wells who was one of, if not the best, local photographers and postcard printers/publishers during the first half of the 20th century. Camburn produced about 300 local images and over 5,000 during his career of scenes in Kent and Sussex, travelling about on a motorcycle with his camera equipment in the motorcycle sidecar. Many postcards by him show his motorcycle in the image. He was a prolific photographer of considerable skill and employed the best quality photographic equipment and materials and printing machines available to present the images in their best possible way. Shown in this image are a group of little girls quenching their thirst at the fountain after a stroll through these magnificent grounds. This is the only image I have found showing the fountain. Whether the fountain still exists was not established by the researcher but if made of cast iron, which it appears to be, it may have been lost during the metal drive during the war.

ANNOUNCEMENT

The articles on this site are replaced by new ones on the first of the month, so come back and visit this site often. Feel free to copy any text and images of interest to you.Due to the quantity and size of the images in this website users will find that some of them are slow to appear. Please be patient, as they are worth waiting for.Those without high speed internet service will no doubt have to wait longer than others. To move from one page of the website to the next simply click on the page number in the bar at the top of the page-not the "Go To" instruction at the bottom of the page.

Also note that if you attempt to print any pages from this website before the page has fully loaded, some images may not be printed and the layout of the page may be distorted, as the text and images are repositioned during loading. For the best copy wait for the page to fully load.

There is no provision for contacting me from this website. If you wish to contact me I would suggest contacting the Tunbridge Wells Reference Library or the Royal Tunbridge Wells Civic Society who will forward your inquiry to me. Their contact details can be found on their websites.

ABOUT ME


I am a researcher and writer of articles about the history of Tunbridge Wells and was a member of the Tunbridge Wells Family History Society (TWFHS) until its recent demise. I had been a regular contributer to the TWFHS Guestbook and Journal. I assist others with their genealogical inquiries on various websites such as Rootschat and the Kent & Sussex History Forum. I have had many articles published in various society journals, Newsletters and Magazines in England and Canada. I am decended from three generation of Gilberts who lived in Tunbridge Wells since 1881.

Shown here is a photograph of me taken in July 2015 proudly displaying my T-shirt. I was trained and worked as a Civil Engineer and in the late 1980's changed careers and became the owner of two corporations engaged in General Contracting and the supply of building materials. Upon my retirement in 1998 I devoted my spare time to research,writing and gardening. I lived in southern Ontario from 1950 to 1981 but moved to Thunder Bay,Ontario (about 950 miles north of Toronto) to work as a Supervising Engineer in NorthWestern Ontario. My father Douglas Edward Gilbert (1916-2009) came to live with me in 1983. He had been born in Tunbridge Wells but came to Canada with his parents/siblings in the early 1920's. All but one my relatives (mostly second cousins, none of which have the surname of Gilbert) live in England and some still live in Tunbridge Wells. The only Gilberts from my family line in Canada are me (born in Canada 1950). My dads sister Mabel Joan Gilbert, born in Tunbridge Wells in 1921 died October 2017 in Barrie, Ontario. Her only child Garry Williamson is living in Barrie with his wife and two adopted sons. Since I never got married I am the last of the family with the surname of Gilbert in Canada and England and I am the self appointed genealogist of my family line. Although my greatgrandfather of Tunbridge Wells had three sons and four daughters I am the only surviving descendent with the surname of Gilbert. A complete family tree of my family going back five generations can be found on the Ancestry UK website.

I established this website in 2011. Every month I replace all of the articles with new ones so please come back and visit again. If there are any articles you wish to keep for your records feel free to copy them. There is no archive of older articles on this site but the Tunbridge Wells Library and the Museum retain copies of my articles for their local history files,so please contact them to see them. I am in regular contact with the Tunbridge Wells Civic Society (Chris Jones) who takes an interest in my work and may have some of my articles in his files. Occasionally I republish older articles that have been updated with new information.














On October 9,2014 I was presented with a Civic Society Community Contribution Award in recognition of the contribution that this website has made to the town, especially in the field of history and family history. In the summer of 2015 I had the pleasure of visiting Tunbridge Wells and seeing first hand all of the places I had written about and those which will be featured in future articles. Shown above (left)is a photo taken during this trip at Hever Castle by Alan Harrison in July 2015 in which I am wearing my "I Love Royal Tunbridge Wells" T-Shirt, a slogan which accurately expresses my great interest in the town and its history. Shown with me is my good friend and neighbour Mrs Susan Prince of Thunder Bay,Ontario, who organized the trip,and the lady in dark blue on the right is my second cousin Mrs Christine Harrison of Tunbridge Wells. Christine's grandfather Robert Herbert Gilbert is my grandfathers eldest brother.Christine and her husband were kind enough to drive us around Tunbridge Wells and the surrounding area. It was a memorable holiday, and one that will be reported on in various articles of this website. Also shown above right is a photograph of me that appeared in the Kent & Sussex Courier in August 2015 from an article written about my visit to the town.This photograph was taken by the Courier photographer at the Victorian B&B, 22 Lansdowne Road, where I stayed during my visit. A reception was also held on June 30,2015  to commemorate my visit  and my work in writing about the history of the town by the Tunbridge Wells Civic Society in the garden at the home of John Cunningham,who is a member of the Civic Society.John, Chris Jones and some 30 others came out for the reception and afterwards Susan Prince and I had a lovely meal and evening with John and Chris and their wives at John's home.

I hope you enjoy reading about my family and the articles I have written about the history of Tunbridge Wells.

A HISTORY OF 10 LINDEN PARK ROAD

Written By: Edward James Gilbert-Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada

Date: January 1,2018

INTRODUCTION 

The Linden Park Residential Development, located south of the Pantiles east of London Road dates back to 186 when local builder Beale and Sons submitted a planning application to the Tunbridge Wells Works Committee  for a new Road (Linden Park Road) and alterations to drainage and for four houses. In the following years some ten houses were built in two phases on rising ground behind the Frant Road. By 1899 houses up to No. 15 were found in local directories  with Louis Stephen Beale ,the builder,found at No. 15 in the 1922 directory.

The home at No. 10 was a large home, given in the 1911 census as having 20 rooms and occupied at that time by George Sheward Brown ((1861-1913) who died at No. 10 December 18,1913. George came from a wealthy family and after his death his wife Caroline and their only child Mary Vera Sheward Brown (1892-1961) lived there up to the time of her marriage August 6,1914  to Hubert James East (1884-1915) who was killed at Ypres. The Brown family is an interesting one and are featured in this article.

No. 10 Linden Park was the residence of a widow by the name of Mrs Warner in the 1890’s and since that time this residence has been the home of many well-to-do people. Although originally a single family home, like many large homes in the town, it was converted into five flats in the post WW II era and has remained in use as flats up to today.

As was the case with all the homes in Linden Park No. 10 was constructed of red brick with sprouting gables, turrets, balconies,black and white timbering, tile-hanging in Edwardian profusion.No. 10 was one of the larger homes in the development being 3 stys and set back off the road some 50-75 feet on a large landscaped lot  near the intersection of Linden Park Road and Montacute Road on the east side.

This article features text and images of No. 10 Lindon Park with an emphasis on the Brown family. One of the images of the home is a most interesting postcard view of it mailed in time for Christmas 1912 by George Sheward Brown to a widow by the name of Mrs Maria Freeman who was born 1830 in London and was living on private means at Nevill Lodge, 65 The Pantiles in two rooms at the time of the 1911 census. Two elderly spinster sisters of the Jupp family lived at the same address in 1911.

LOCATION AND DESCRIPTION 

Shown opposite is a map from 1899 showing in red the location of 10 Linden Park Road. The home was located near the south east corner of Linden Park Road and Montacute Road on large landscaped grounds. The home was , and still is, accessed by a long sweeping drive, described in Planning Authority documents of 1978 as being nine feet wide and extending back to the house some 50-75 feet from the road. The Planning documents and the photographs record that the home was 3 stys and constructed of red brick with typical architectural features of the time.

Today the drive entrance is marked at the road by a pair of stone posts on which “10” is marked. Today and even back in 1978 the home cannot be seen from the road as it is screened by thick and tall trees and shrubs. The modern photograph of the building , presented in the ‘Introduction’ was obtained from a recent offering of a flat in the building by an estate agent.

The online Planning Authority records for this home only date back to 1974 and by that time, most likely in the 1950’s, this 20 room home, that had been a private residence since it was built, was converted into five flats. Mr M.P. Woodland was the owner of the home in1974 and was still there in 1978. During his time there he made three Planning Authority applications , one for the construction of a bungalow and car port (refused) in 1974; one in 1976 for three garages (withdrawn) and one in 1978 where he sought permission to make use of the parking spaces on the property for commercial purposes, which was refused. Applications from 1984 to 2003 all centered around obtaining approval for the construction of garages and no lock up storage units for the tenants of the building.

Today one can find a “10 Linden Park Road Residents Association Ltd” (08226107) with a registered off at Howard May, Flat A 10 Linden Park Road, which company was incorporated as a property management firm September 24,2012, but had previously been known as “10 LPR Limited”. The flats command a high price for as an example flat 10E sold for 390,000 pounds in 2016.

Beale & Sons, founded by Louis Stephen Beale, built many of the homes in this development but it is not known by the researcher if they were the firm that built No. 10.  John Cunningham in his book ‘The Residential Parks of Tunbridge Wells, published for the Royal Tunbridge Wells Civic Society, noted that No. 12 had been built by Strange & Sons and that Louis Beale had moved in 1912 from 6 Madeira Park, which had been the estate office for the firm, to Linden, Linden Park where he lived until about 1933. Details about Beale & Sons were given in my article ‘ Beale & Sons- Tunbridge Wells Builders’ dated January 2,2014.

THE BROWN FAMILY

The head of the family in Tunbridge Wells was George Sheward Brown (1861-1913) who had been born May 21,1861 at Berechurch, Colchester,Essex. His parentage was not established and family trees indicating that he was the son of Samuel Briscoe Sheward (1827-1887) and Ellen Elizabeth Sheward, nee Warren (1831-1908) are incorrect, as the census records of 1871 and 1881 record George as the nephew of Samuel Briscoe Sheward.

The 1871 census, taken at 40 Green Street in St George Hanover Square gave Samuel Briscoe Sheward as a cab master born in London. Living with him was his wife Ellen born 1831 in Badwell, Suffolk and Samuel’s nephew George Sheward Brown. Also there were two domestic servants. The 1881 census gave the same record of occupants but Samuel had the occupation of “dealer in horses”.

On January 7,1892 George married Caroline S. Rogan (1861-1933) at St James Roman Catholic Church at George Street, Marylebone, London,

The 1901 census, taken at Halterworth Lodge, Rumsey, Hampshire, gave George as living on own means. With him was his wife Caroline, born in Londonderry, Ireland and three domestic servants.

Sometime after 1903 and before 1911 the Brown family moved to Tunbridge Wells. The 1911 census, taken at 10 Linden Park Road gave George as living on private means. With him was his wife Caroline and their only child Mary Vera Sheward Brown who had been born 1892 in Paddington, London. Mary had an interesting and troubled life, details of which are given in the last section of this article. The census recorded that their home was a residence of 20 rooms; that they had been married for 19 years and had only the one child.

Shown below is the front and back of a postcard showing a view of 10 Linden Park Road that was mailed in Tunbridge Wells before Christmas 1912 by George Sheward Brown who refers to his home on the back of the card. The postcard was addressed to Mrs Freeman of Nevill Court, The Pantiles. Mrs Freeman was found in the 1911 census at Nevill Court, 65 The Pantiles as Maria Freeman, a widow born 1830 in London and living there on private means in two rooms. The census provided no information about her family except to note that she had one child and that the child was still living. Another family from the 1911 census was also living at the same address in 3 rooms, namely the spinster sisters Sarah Catherine Jupp, born 1946 , and Edith Margaret Jupp, born 1848, Both women had been born in Greenwich ,Kent and both were living on private means. No. 65 Pantiles was located at the south end of the Pantiles.














Probate records gave George Sheward Brown of 10 Linden Park Road when he died December 18,1913. The executors of surprising small estate of just 896 pounds was George Roge3rs, Colonel in H.M. Army and Caroline Brown, widow. George was buried at Camden (Grave 404/WA Hampstead Cemetery, West Hampstead, Middlesex) December 22,1913.

After George’s death in 1913 his widow and daughter continued to live at 10 Linden Park for a few years. They are found there in 1914 when Mary Vera Sheward Brown married Hubert James East (1884-1915) August 6,1914 and Caroline was still there in 1915.

Caroline later moved to Hampstead where she died in 1933 and was buried February 26,1933 in grave 404/WA in the Hampstead Cemetery with her husband George.

MARY VERA SHEWARD BROWN (1892-1961)

Mary was the only child of George Sheward Brown (1861-1913) and his wife Caroline. Mary was born in the 4th qtr of 1892 at Paddington, London. She lived with her parents  up to and including the arrival of the family in Tunbridge Wells sometime before 1911. She was listed living with her parents in the 1911 census at 10 Linden Park Road. Being from a wealthy family had no need to work. When her father died in 1913 she and her mother continued to live at 10 Linden Park and Mary continued to live there until the time of her first of three marriages in 1914.

Mary’s first marriage was to Hubert James East (1884-1915). More details about him are given later but Mary and Hurbert had one children. Hubert was killed at Ypres during WW 1.

After the death of Hubert she married her second husband Leonard A.F. Hyde Upward. This marriage was registered in Tunbridge Wells in the 4th qtr of 1917. This marriage was not a happy one and ended in divorce. Information about this divorce appeared in the newspaper which reported “ Tunbridge Wells Nullity Suit……..On Monday, in the Divorce Court, Mr Justice Mills had before him a petition by Capt. Hyde Upward for a decree of nullity of his marriage with Mary Vera Hyde Upward, formerly East, on the ground of non-consummation of the marriage. The petitioner went through a form of marriage with the respondent on December 4th,1917, at St Augustine’s Church (photo opposite) Tunbridge Wells, she being a widow at the time and living with her mother at Tunbridge Wells. Petitioner was then a Staff Lieutenant in the Eastern Command. His lordship, after hearing the evidence granted petitioner a decre of nullity of his marriage”.

Mary’s third marriage took place in the 1st qtr of 1929 at Marylebone, London, this time to Murray Ross
Taylor (1880-1957). Murray Ross Taylor was born 1880 at Govan Parish,Lancashire and died in the 4th qtr of 1957 at Battle. He had lived at Patrick, Lanarkshire with his parents and siblings in the 1880’s and by the time of the 1901 census was living at Govan, Lanarkshire. Murray’s parents were Walter Ross Taylor born 1849 and Margaret I. Taylor born 1854. Census records for 1881 to 1901 gave him living with his parents and two siblings at 1 Marchmont Terrace with 3-4 servants.

At the time of the 1911 census Murray was living at St Peter Port, Guernsey Queens Road with the occupation of medical practitioner. With him in premises of 17 rooms were four servants; one visitor ; his widowed mother and two spinster sisters.

Murray served in WW1 from 1914 to 1920. His medal index card gave him as a Captain with the R.A.M.C and that he was awarded the D.S.O.. He was awarded the 1914 Star and the Victory and War medals.Passenger lists note that he and his wife Mary and Mary’s daughter Miss Monica East (age 14, a student)departed from Liverpool August 8,1930 and arrived at Montreal, Quebec Canada on the Canada Steamship Line vessel DUCHESS OF BEDFORD. Murray Ross Taylor was given as a doctor and had served during WW1 with the Royal Army Medical Corps. On their return trip they departed from Montreal and arrived at Liverpool on the DUCHESS OF RICHMOND (photo opposite) September 27,1930. Their address was given as being in Eastbourne, Sussex with Murray given as a 50 year old physician.

In 1945 Mary and her husband were living in Islington. I have noted the death of Murry at Battle in 1957. Mary died May 16,1961 in Scotland.

Below is information about Mary’s first husband Hubert James East (1884-1915).

Hubert was born May 28,1884 at Dover, Kent. He was baptised July 11,1884 At St Mary The Virgin Church in Dover,Kent and was one of at least six children born to William Henry East (born 1850 ) and Emma East born abt 1860 at Dover, Kent.

At the time of the 1891 census Hebert was living with his parents and three siblings at 1 Temple Villas in Dover. His father’s occupation was given as “artist painter oil /sculptor, art master at a school”. Also in the home was Sarah East, widow, age 75, the Hubert’s grandmother. Also there was Emily E.V. East, William’s 45 year old spinster sister, and two domestic servants.

The 1901 census, taken at East Lee in Dover gave Hubert living with his parents and three siblings and one servant . The 1911 census, taken at East Lee, Maison Dieu Road, Dover gave Hubert as a commissioned army officer and living with his parents; two siblings, and one servant in premises of eleven rooms. The census recorded that his parents had been married 30 years and that of their five children four were still living.

The next record for Hubert was his marriage to Mary Vera Sheward Brown (1892-1961) on August 6,1914 at Dover, Kent.

Hubert was killed in action at Ypres May 10,1915. Perhaps the best description of his military service is that given in The Roll of Honour which gave “ Hubert James East….Captain, 1st Btn (65th Foot) ;York and Lancaster Reginent; son of W.H. East of East Lee,Dover A.R.C.A.; born 1884;  educated Dover College; obtained a commission in the 3rd (West York Militia) Battn of the York and Lancaster Regiment 1901 and served with it in South Africa 1902 (second Boer War) taking part in the operation in Cape Colony Jan. to 31 May 1902 and received the Queen’s Medal with two clasps; gazetted to the Regulars as 2nd Liet. 2nd Btn (84th Foot) York and Lancaster Regt 4th July 1903 and promoted Liet. 3 Feb. 1906, and Capt. 22 July 1912; served with the Expeditionary Force in France and Flanders and was killed in action at Ypres 10 May 1915. He married August 1914 Vera H. Sheward (1 Mount Ephraim Mansions, Tunbridge Wells)daughter of the late George Sheward Brown of Linden Park, Tunbridge Wells and had a daughter born posthumons 1915”.

Hubert’s medal index card noted he was awarded the 1915 star and War and Victory medals, and that he entered service in France January 1915. It also noted that his widow Mrs Very Hyde Upward applied for his medals July 1,1920.

Hubert’s name is recorded on the plaque (below left) at St Augustine’s Church in Tunbridge Wells. His name is also recorded on the Menin Gate and on the Tunbridge Wells War Memorial on Mount Pleasant Road as “H. East”. A photo of the war memorial is shown below right , by Harold H. Camburn, at the time of the unveiling.











Probate records for Hubert James East gave him of East Lee, Dover, a captain in H.M. York and Lancaster Regiment and that he died May 8,1915 at Ypres in Belgium,being killed in action. The executor of his 229 pound estate was his widow Mary Vera East. His effects were sent to his widow Mary Vera East.

 

ISABELLA REBECCA DODD-THE GRANGER/SADD CONNECTION

Written By; Edward James Gilbert-Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada

Date: December 31,2017

INTRODUCTION 

The significance of Charles Tattershall Dodd (1815-1878) and his son Charles Tattershall Dodd (1861-1949) as Tunbridge Wells artists has been well documented, including my own article entitled ‘The Dodds-A Tunbridge Wells Family of Artists’ dated October 4,2011 in which details of the family and information and images of their paintings was presented. Among the paintings were two of Isabella Rebecca Dodd (1865-1949) which I present in this article. The  one presented opposite shows her when she was a girl executed by her grandfather. She is shown at Groombridge with some animals. Another painting of her showing her later in life was  by her brother. It  shows her with Henrietta Jane Sadd (1863-1931). This painting is presented later in this article. Henrietta Jane Sadd was related to Myra Brown, nee Sadd who was an active member of the Women’s Suffrage Movement and who was sent to Holloway prison and who went on a hunger strike for which she was awarded a medal.

The Sadd family were very wealthy , made so from their business interests as builders and timber merchants in Maldon, Essex in the firm John Sadd & Sons Limited which business passed down through members of the Sadd family for generations.  John Sadd (1799-1851) the son of Thomas Sadd, who founded the business in 1729, married Mary Ann Granger (1801-1864) and with her had seven children including a daughter Sarah Granger Sadd (1835-1917). Her significance is outlined below.

Isabella Rebecca Dodd was born in Tunbridge Wells, one of several children born to Charles Tattershall Dodd (1815-1878) and the sister of Charles Tattershall Dodd (1861-1949). She lived in the years leading up to her marriage to Harold Granger (1868-1937) in 1904, at Tunbridge Wells, with her parents and siblings at the family residence located on the east side of Grosvenor Road at No. 31, a photo of which is shown opposite. After her marriage Isabella and her husband lived at Hill House in Maldon,Essex where they raised three children. Harold Granger was a timber merchant in Maldon and connected to the Sadd families business. He was one of eleven children born to Isaac Granger (1832-1900) and Sarah Granger Sadd (1835-1917). Sarah Granger Sadd was the daughter of John Sadd (1799-1851) and Mary Ann Granger (1801-1864) as noted earlier.

One of the sons of John Sadd (1799-1851) was Alfred Granger Sadd (1829-1903) who married Henrietta Mary Lamprell (1825-1869). Alfred, during part of his working life became a director of John Sadd & Sons timber merchants business, one of the leading firms in Maldon. By the 1880’s he lived at Hill House in Maldon, Essex. From the early part of the 20th century Hill House was occupied by Miss Henrietta Jane Sadd (1863-1932) who founded the ‘Home of Rest for Young Women’.When Alfred died in 1903 the executor of his estate was the spinster Henrietta Jane Sadd, who is shown in the photograph opposite with Isabella Rebecca Dodd. Henrietta was the only child born to Alfred and Henrietta. Isabella is on the left in this image.

ISABELLA REBECCA DODD (1865-1949)

Isabella was born in Tunbridge Wells. Her birth was registered in Tunbridge Wells in the 2nd qtr of 1865. She was one of several children born to artist Charles Tattershall Dodd(1815-1878)  who was born in Tunbridge Wells and died there and Jane Owen, born 1849 in Wales.

A review of census records shows that she lived with her parents and siblings at 31 Grosvenor Road up to the time of her marriage in Tunbridge Wells to Harold Granger (1868-1937). The one exception was at the time of the1881 census when Isababell was attending a girls school at Fairfield Cotham Park in Gloucestershire. But by the time of the 1891 and 1901 census she was back in Tunbridge Wells with the Dodd family. Her marriage to Harold Granger was registered in Tunbridge Wells in the 2nd qtr of 1904. It was not established what church they were married at.

Harold Granger had been born in the 1st qtr of 1868 at Great Totham, Essex, one of eleven children born to Isaac Granger (1832-1900) of Maldon, Essex, and Sarah Granger Sadd (18354-1917). Information about the parentage of them was given above. At the time of the 1901 census Harold Granger was living with his widowed uncle Alfred Granger Sadd (1829-1903). Also there was Henrietta Jane Sadd, Alfred’s daughter and Sarah G.Granger, Alfred’sister. Harold Granger was given as Alfred’s nephew and also there were two nieces of Alfred’s namely Emily Granger  and Mary A Granger. Apart from two domestic servants there of particular interest was to find Isabella Rebecca Dodd living there as a companion. It was obviously at this time that Isabella came to know and fall in love with Harold Granger, who at that time was working as a forman in the Sadd timber merchants business.

The 1911 census, taken at 25 Market Hill ‘Hill House’ in Maldon,Essex gave Henrietta Jane Sadd, age 47, spinster, born 1864(1863) in Malton, as the head of the home and living own means. With her was her four cousins (1) Harold Granger, born 1868, a fruit and poultry farmer (2) Isabella Rebecca Granger (nee Dodd) born 1865 Tunbridge Wells (3) Isabella Henrietta Granger, born 1906 Malden (Isabella and Harold’s daughter) (4) Brynhild Catherine Granger, born 1908 in Maldon (Isabella and Harold’s daughter).She died in 2004.

In total Isabella her husband Harold had the two daughters given above and a son Harold.born 1911 in Maldon.Essex.

During her life Isabella like her sisters in Tunbridge Wells became active in the Women’s Suffrage Movement and some of the Dodd sisters took an active role during WW 1 lending their hands to the war effort. Her friendship with Henrietta Jane Sadd related to Myra Brown,nee Sadd no doubt also cultivated a shared interest in the Women’s Suffrage Movement. Being from an  artistic family  Isabella was also artistic as can be seen in the flower painting attributed to her. Like many young women, she took an interest as an amateur in sketching scenes from her travels in and about Tunbridge Wells, turning some of them into paintings.

Probate records noted the death of Harold Granger March 8,1937 at Hill House, Maldon,Essex. The4 executors of his 43,764 pound estate were Herbert Arthur Dowsett, company director, and Herbert Langdon Dowsett, surveyor and John Girling Sadd, timber merchant.

Probate records for Isabella Rebecca Granger gave her of the Hanover Hotel, Mount Ephraim Road, Tunbridge Wells, widow, when she died January 6,1949 at 5 Lansdowne Road, Tunbridge Wells. The executors of her 7,446 pound estate were the Public Trustee and Frederick Lawson Sadd, dental surgeon.

HENRIETTA JANE SADD (1863-1932)

Henrietta had been born in Maldon, Essex in 1863 in Maldon. Essex. She was the only child born to Alfred Granger Sadd (1829-1902)and Henrietta Mary Sadd, nee Lamprell(1825-1869). Alfred Granger Sadd lived all his life in Maldron, Essex and lived with his parents at the time of the 1841 and 1851 census, working as a timber and general merchant. Henrietta Mary Sadd died July 26,1869 at Hastings, Sussex was proved by Alfred Granger Sadd of Maldon, timber merchant and John King of Princes Street, Norwich, plumber and glazier. Her estate was valued at 6,000 pounds.

Hill House (photo opposite dated 1903)is a magnificent piece of architecture, with its prominent belvedere. It was built by the Sadd family in the early 19th century. By the 1880’s it was occupied by Alfred Granger Sadd (1829-1903), a director of John Sadd and Sons Limtied,timber importers and builder’s merchants and one of the leading firms in Maldon. From the early part of the 20th century Hill House was occupied by Miss Henrietta Jane Sadd (1863-1932) who founded the ‘Home of Rest for Young Women’ which housed in a weather boarded house. This home, and another owned by Henrietta in Wantz Road, was set aside for women who could not otherwise afford a holiday or who were convalescing from an illness such as tuberculosis. Some of the employees of Bryant and Mary’s Match Worls stayed there. Hill House was left to the Borough of Maldon and in 1937 it became the Municipal Offices of the town. In 1974 it was taken over by the new Maldon District Council and in 1985 it was put up for sale.

Alfred Granger Sadd of Maldon, Essex, died February 26,1903. The exectutors of his 20,092 pound estate was his spinster daughter Henrietta Jane Sadd.

The London Gazette of September 14,1923 reported on the death and estate of Elizabeth Matilda Gallagher of The Middleton Home for the Blind, Wantz Road, Maldon, Essex and that she died Mary 16,1923. The executors of her estate were Henrietta Jane Sadd and Harold Granger (the wife of Isabella Rebecca Granger nee Dodd).

Henrietta Jane Sadd died at Hill House, Maldon, Essex in 1932. A copy of her will is held by the Essex Records Office.  The Chelmsford Chronicle Essex dated August 26,1932 reported on the death of Henrietta Jane Sadd that took place on Friday at her residence, Hill House, Market Hill, Maldon. The deceased lady was the only child of the late Mr Alfred Granger Sadd.

MYRA ELEANOR BROWN (1872-1938)

Myra as noted in the ‘Introduction’ was active in the Women’s Suffrage Movement. She had been born October 3,1872 at Madon, Essex and was one of eleven children born to John Granger Sadd (1828-1900) of the Sadd family timer merchants busines, and Mary Ann Price (1831-1905). John Granger Sadd was one of seven children born to John Sadd (1799-1851) and Mary Ann Sadd, nee Granger (1801-1864). Myra had been privately educated.

On July 21,1896 she married Ernest Brown (1868-1931) and with him had four children. She had met him through cycling.  Their wedding followed the colour scheme of purple, white and green, which later became the colours of the militant Women’s Social and Political Union (WSPU.

Her relationship to the Dodd and Granger clan was given earlier. Shown here is an image of Myra and  the medal she was awarded by the Women’s Suffrage Movement for her participation in a hunger strike in which she was force fed at the Holloway Prison, where she had been sent for two months of hard labour after throwing a brick through the window of the War Office in 1912.  

As there is considerable information about Myra on the internet I offer nothing further about her life and active involvement in the Women’s Suffrage Movement for which she is most noted.

 

PATTY MOON’S WALK/CUMBERLAND WALK

Written By: Edward James Gilbert-Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada

Date: December 30,2017

INTRODUCTION  

In the 17th century the boundary between Kent and Sussex followed the path of the River Grom, originally a small river/stream that originated on land to the north east of the Pantiles. This river marked the boundary between Kent and Sussex. Lord Abergavenny owned land on both sides of the river and included an area on the north side of the river on which cottages were built along a narrow lane which lane became known initially as Cumberland Terrace, then Patty Moon’s Walk and later still (as marked on maps of the 19th century) Cumberland Walk, so named after Richard Cumberland (1732-1811) who for a time lived in Tunbridge Wells. The history of the River Grom is an interesting one and many old maps and drawings, such as Kipps Engraving of 1719, can be found showing it. Some of these images and details about the river were given in my article ‘ The River Grom Tunnel’ dated July 13,2017.

Roger Farthing in his book ‘A History of Mount Sion’ recorded “ On Mount Sion the boundary between (the lands of Lord Abergavenny and the South Frith land) became in time a footpath which in the 19th century was called Cumberland Terrace, then Patty Moon’s Walk and finally Cumberland Walk, as it is now.” Shown opposite is a painting by local artist Charles Tattershall Dodd (1815-1878)that appeared in an article about the artist in the Civic Society Newsletter of Summer 2015, which painting forms part of the collection of the Tunbridge Wells Museum and Art Gallery, and which bore the caption “ Patty Moon’s Walk, now Cumberland Walk, and the Grom Brook”. At the time this painting was executed Patty Moon’s Walk was little more than a dirt path skirting the River Grom passing through open land. Charles Tattershall Dodd had been born in Tunbridge Wells January 11,1815 and came from a family of artists. At an early age he began producing sketches and later paintings of the area. For details about the Dodd family see my article ‘ The Dodds- A Tunbridge Wells Family of Artists’ dated October 4,2011. The exact date of when Mr Dodd made this painting is not known to the researcher but obviously it was executed in the early 19th century.

Patty Moon’s Walk/Cumberland Walk became a narrow lane on which vehicles do not travel, and remains so today. Along it were constructed detached homes and terraces. A number of maps show the location of, and label, this walk. A map of 1738 shows ,but does not label the walk, as  a short walk extending eastward from the High Street with just four homes on it.  A map of 1808 on which lodging houses are listed makes no mention of anyone by the name of Moon operating any of them and the Walk is not shown or labelled. A map of 1828 shows and labels the Walk as Cumberland Terrace and is shown running in a line eastward from the High Street opposite Chapel Place quite some distance with about eight residences along it on the north side. A map of 1832( above) shows the same information as that of 1828. A map of 1838 labeled the Walk as Cumberland Terrace. A map of 1839 shows and labels the Walk as Cumberland Walk with Cumberland Terrace labelled along the south side of Cumberland Walk. A map of 1852(opposite), the last map consulted, labelled and showed the same information as that of 1839 but shows more homes along the Walk. It was interesting to note that the name Patty Moon’s Walk never appeared on any of these maps and although its name was in common use it does not appear to have been given “official status” as the proper name of the Walk.

The use of the name Patty Moon’s Walk has persisted even after the name of the Walk appeared on maps and in other records as Cumberland Walk. One example of this is an architectural plan(opposite) entitled ‘Proposed Villa Patty Moon’s Walk’ by architect Brett A. Elphicke that appeared in The Architect Magazine of February 14,1885. Today,and since it was incorporated September 27,1991, is a property management  company operating from 19 Cumberland Walk by the name of Patty Moon Walk Ltd. Another example is from a recent article in ‘Tunbridge Tales’ about Tolson the fishmonger who had a shop in the Pantiles.The author states “ In 1888 Thomas Tolson, when the weather was cold enough, would allow young people to skate on a pond he owned on Patty Moon’s Walk, not far from the Pantiles, and each year he would entertain his friends, mostly tradesmen, to an oyster feast…”

The question of (What is the source of the name Patty Moon’s WalK?)has been asked but not conclusively answered,no doubt from the time it first came into use. It has been speculated by many that it was the name of a women and that she was either a lodging house proprietor in the Mount Sion area or even a dipper at the famous wells in the Pantiles or even a sweeper of the entrance to the Pantiles. This question was even posed formerly in the November 21,1874 publication ‘Notes and Queries’ by a Martin Kaye to the readers. Mr Kaye had been in Tunbridge Wells a week or two before making his inquiry and had canvased as many people as he could find to obtain information on Patty Moon, but with no success. It’s an interesting article, one which I present here “ Patty Moon’s Walk….Near Tunbridge Wells there is a dark winding lane, called ‘Patty Moon’s Walk’. While in that neighbourhood, a week or two ago, we made strenuous and often-repeated efforts to find out from the tradespeople, from our landlord, from everybody we had access to, something about the Patty Moon after whom this walk must have been named; but all to no purpose. Nobody knew. One man, indeed, informed us, with a lofty smile at our ignorance, that “the lane had always been called so”; but, as we pointed out, there is no corroboration of such a statement in the Book of Genesis. Our mind has ever since been haunted with thoughts and guesses about Patty. Was she the village idiot in by-gone days, or a mad or unhappy Patty, who chose this crooked and secluded lane in which to indulge her dark fancies, or was she some bright munificent Miss Martha Moon, only called by the pretty name of Patty, out of affection, by the townspeople? Will anybody lighten our darkness on this, to us, interesting subject?...Signed Martin Kaye. No reply to this inquiry was found suggesting nobody knows who Patty Moon was. Quite a mystery indeed but given that the inquiry was made in 1874 some 46 years since a map shows it at Cumberland Terrace, obviously the origins of the name Patty Moon had faded from people’s minds. If the good folks of Tunbridge Wells did not know who Patty Moon was in 1874 what chance does one have today in getting to the bottom of the mystery.

My own attempts to establish the source of the name Patty Moon began with a review of the 1823 Pigots directory, but no listings in the trade directory for anyone by the name of Moon was found. It was not until reviewing the 1840 Pigots directory that I found a John Moon, a fishmonger at 1 Calverley Prospect; a Richard Moon, the son of John Moon, a fishmonger at Chapel Place (not far from Patty Moon’s Walk)and a watch and clock maker by the name of George Moon formerly of Windmill Fields at the north east end of town in the 1841 census but on Calverley Road in 1840. This led me to research these families to see if one “Patty Moon” could be located. Sadly no definitive information could be found, but as you will read later it appears that Patty Moon is part of the family of John and Richard Moon, although nobody by the name of “Patty” was found. This however was not surprising as the name “Patty” was either short for Patricia or as is often the case a nickname which bears no resemblance to the persons real name. For a Walk to be given her name or referred to by her name must certainly indicate that whoever Patty Moon was, she must have been a women of some significance, not necessarily a women of significant financial means but one who most likely was a women of little financial wealth who stood out and made her mark on the minds of residents. It would be easy to speculate that she was often found walking along the lane/walk to and from the Pantiles where large numbers of residents and visitors to the town assembled and that she was frequently noticed there, and that they decided to refer to the walk she travelled on as  Patty Moon’s Walk in recognition of her.

One cannot rule out that that the name Patty’s Moon was not the name of a person at all but rather a reference to “Paddy’s Moon” with its roots in Ireland in connection with St Patrick’s Day and often referred to as St Paddy’s Moon. A 19th century painting was found entitled ‘Under the Paddy Moon’ (image above). A racehorse was found called ‘Paddy Moon’. A book of fantasy published in 1951 by Mary Regan was entitled ‘ Paddy’s Moon’ (image opposite). An 1826 reference was found to ‘Paddy moonlight’. The American Naturalist of 1883 gave in part “The size of the river is only that of a good-sized mill-stream but though not a larger river it is of a good deal of use, for, like Paddy’s Moon that shined in the night where there was no sun the river acts as a torrid desert where there is no water”. Could it be possible that the reference to Patty’s Moon was meant to be Paddy’s Moon but misspelled  and that Patty Moon’s Walk was meant to refer to a moonlit walk  and not a person?. Certainly the Walk was narrow and dark and with the absence of gas or later electric lamps to light the way one would have to rely on the light of the moon to illuminate the Walk. Personally I believe that this is the most likely source of the name. A whole series of ‘Tunbridge Wells by Moonlight’ postcards were produced in the early 1900’s indicating people’s fascination with moonlight. One example is shown above of Brighton Lake in the moonlight.

Richard Cumberland  for whom Cumberland Walk was later named was an equally colourful chap and in this article I present information about him and his connection to the Walk. The rest of this article presents maps and other images pertaining to the Walk; information about the Moon family and other related information is also given.

CUMBERLAND WALK PART 1 

In this section I present in its entirety a sketch of Cumberland Walk by David Peacock who co- authored the 1978 book ‘ Tunbridge Wells Sketchbook’ by David Peacock and Frank Chapman, a well- known local historian.

“ A country path beside the steam that used to divide Kent from Sussex in the are of the Pantiles is known today as Cumberland Walk. It was probably named after Richard Cumberland the dramatist, who had a large house at the top of Mount Sion-although some sources suggest that the name honours the name of Ernest Duke of Cumberland who was a frequent summer visitor to Tunbridge Wells”.

“ However, Richard Cumberland is more likely to have been remembered. He was a former civil servant who had lost his job in a political upset and retired to Tunbridge Wells to write, and cultivate his garden. Napoleon’s threatened invasion stirred in Cumberland some recollections of a former brief career as an infantry officer, and in 1803 he raised and commanded the Tunbridge Wells company of volunteer infantry, wryly writing of himself later as ‘the most aged of volunteer field officers’. Most of his soldiers were men from the town’s Tunbridge Ware workshops”.

“Some of Cumberland’s company orders have survived on bills printed by John Sprange of the Pantiles. They make brave reading for an army that never fired a shot. So enjoyable was this part-time soldering that Cumberland had difficulty in persuading his men to give up their arms when the danger of invasion was past”.

“Cumberland Walk was also known as Bowling Green House, and Patty Moon’s Walk. Patty was a lodging house house keeper, a dipper at the Pantiles spring, or a crossing sweeper, or possibly all three at various times. However, if she made herself responsible for sweeping the crossing to the Pantiles, the path leading down from the lodging houses would have been linked with her name”.

CUMBERLAND WALK PART 2 

In this section I present extracts from the book ‘A History of Mount Sion’ (2003) by Roger Farthing, a local historian. He makes reference to Richard Cumberland, Cumberland House in Mount Sion, Cumberland Terrace, Cumberland Walk,Cumberland Villa, Cumberland Yard ,Cumberland Gardens and Patty Moon’s Walk. For the entire story I would suggest getting at copy of the book, for the information given in it is quite detailed. I have limited the information in this section to that which pertains directly to Cumberland Walk however. Shown in this section is a selection of modern photographs of Cumberland Walk.

The first question to which I sought an answer was When did Richard Cumberland arrive in Tunbridge Wells? The answer to which might better establish when the transition from Patty Moons Walk to Cumberland Terrace or Cumberland Walk took place. Farthing states that in 1787 Lord North was in Tunbridge Wells and that one day he escorted Richard Cumberland to the Pantiles. Lord North died in 1792. Cumberland at that time was renting a house from John Fry of Mount Sion who lived near the old Bowling Green and who was the landlord of the Sussex Tavern. In 1750 there was a house and bowling green in Mount Sion called Bowling Green House. Farthing states “ Two houses were contrived on the Bowling Green site (after its use ended) and before long Richard Cumberland and his friend Sir James Bland Burgess had settled in as pioneering permanent residents. The Poor Rate record gave “ 1785-1797-John Fry for a new house let to Mr Cumberland”.  In his memoirs Cumberland mentions the house he rented from Mr Fry and describes it and that he installed a “flower garden encircled with a sand walk …. For more than twenty years I lived at Tunbridge Wells inhabiting the same house, and cultivating a plot of garden ground, embowered with trees, and amply sufficient for a profusion of flowers….” “On May 7,1811 Richard Cumberland died in Tunbridge Wells and was buried in Poet’s Corner in the Abbey.

One can conclude from the date of death of Richard Cumberland that the only reference to Cumberland in Tunbridge Wells was in connection to his house in Mount Sion for as I have noted earlier the 1808 map shows and labels Cumberland House but does not show or label Cumberland Walk. It is only after his death that his name was given to Cumberland Walk. Farthing gives no date in his book for the construction of Cumberland Terrace but it appeared on a map of 1828 but not the map of 1808.

RICHARD CUMBERLAND

Given in this section is an article that appeared on the ‘Tunbridge Tales’ website December 6,2016 which I present by that author as written. I have not undertaken any original research of my own about this gentlemen and I have not verified the accuracy of the information given in the referenced article.

‘1785. The Talkative Playwright’……….By the 1780s Tunbridge Wells’ heyday as a popular spa was over and it seemed that the town was in decline. Master of Ceremonies Beau Nash was long gone (his last visit had been in the mid-1750s) and seaside resorts such as Brighton were proving more attractive to summer visitors. However, in 1785 a new resident arrived – a short, stout, red-faced and neatly dressed gentleman. Dramatist Richard Cumberland was a well-known public figure, and his presence would help attract visitors back to the town.

Richard, the son of a clergyman, was born in Cambridge in 1732 and educated at Westminster School and Trinity College Cambridge. A career as a government official took him to Nova Scotia, Ireland and Spain. However, when the Board of Trade and Plantations was abolished in 1782, Richard lost his job as its Secretary and he was unable to find an alternative. In 1785, 53 years old, on half pay and with a family to support (he had six children and numerous grandchildren), he decided to move to Tunbridge Wells as a way of retrenching. He rented a spacious house at the top of Mount Sion from the landlord of the Sussex Tavern. To the front of it was a fenced area which he cultivated as a flower garden, with a sand walk around it.

In his memoirs Richard said of Tunbridge Wells: ‘It is not altogether a public place, yet it is at no period of the year a solitude –  a reading man may command his hours or study and a social man will find full gratification …..Its vicinity to the capital brings quick intelligence of all that passes there…..the country is on all sides beautiful, and the climate pre-eminently healthy, and in a most peculiar degree restorative to enfeebled constitutions.’

Richard had another career as well as politics; by the time he came to Tunbridge Wells he was a well-known dramatist, whose plays had been performed successfully at Covent Garden and Drury Lane. Now that he had more time on his hands, he continued to write plays and other works. His plays were sentimental, moral and sometimes gave unusually positive portrayals of people on the margins of society. An example of this was his play ‘The Jew,’ with its sympathetic lead character, which was performed for the first time at Sarah Baker’s theatre ‘The Temple of the Muses’ also on Mount Sion.

Richard was generally thought to be good natured and kind. However he was acutely sensitive to any criticism of his plays – actor David Garrick described him as ‘a man without skin’ – and most people thought him a colossal bore. Friends’ hearts would sink as he embarked on yet another account of one of his titled acquaintances, or produced a manuscript and prepared to read aloud a play. On one occasion he promised two visitors a treat on the final evening of their stay. His servant brought in a large dish and they anticipated a delicious meal. But under its cover was the manuscript of Richard’s five act tragedy Tiberius. ‘I am not vain’ he said ‘but I do think it by far the best play I ever wrote.’ He began reading and continued for three acts, until he became aware that his visitors had fallen asleep, upon which he finally allowed them to have their supper.

In 1792, while Richard was living in Tunbridge Wells, England went to war with France. A few years later Richard recruited and trained local volunteer troops, to provide a defence against potential invading forces. He would drill his men, who were ‘artisans, mechanics or manufacturers of Tunbridge Ware,’ by moonlight or torchlight each evening after they had finished work. An overweight playwright made an unexpected commander, but Richard took on the role with great enthusiasm and it was observed that he ‘gave the word of command with all the ardour of an experienced veteran’. His men loved marching through the town in their smart uniforms and most of them refused to disband when they were told their services were no longer required.

In his final years Richard lived mainly in London, which is where he died in 1811 at the age of 79. He was buried in Westminster Abbey’s Poet’s Corner.

At the end of the 18th century, Tunbridge Wells began to attract visitors once again (partly at least due to the presence of well- known residents such as Richard Cumberland), although they tended to be rather less aristocratic than in the past. Many were military and naval men, who began settling permanently in the town. They needed homes, and as a results there was a building boom in the early nineteenth century. A new phase in the town’s history had begun.

Notes

1.Sarah Baker and her theatre were the subject of an earlier blog post.

2.The house Richard lived in was named Cumberland House by a subsequent owner in his honour, but has since been knocked down.

3.Although Richard was a well-known dramatist in his life-time, his reputation has not survived and his plays are not performed today, unlike his contemporary Sheridan.

THE MOON FAMILY IN TUNBRIDGE WELLS 

As noted earlier no person by the name of Moon was found in the 1823 Pigots trade directory. The next directory available to the researcher was Pigots 1840 in which three members of the Moon clan were found namely John Moon at 1 Calverley Prospect and his son Richard Moon at Chapel Place, both of whom were fishmongers. The last ‘Moon’, George Moon, a clock and watchmaker of Windmill Fields in 1841 and at Calverley Road in 1940, was related to John and Richard Moon. After tracing the history of this family back to 1761 nobody by the name of Patty Moon was found. Having said that one cannot rule out the possibility that “Patty” was a nickname and not short for Patricia since no Patricia Moons were found either. Shown opposite is a photo of Chapel Place.

Based entirely on the proximity of Chapel Place to Patty Moon’s Walk in Mount Sion my research focused on John Moon (1761-1843), his wife Mary Moon, nee Garrit (1770-1813)  and his ten children, which included his son Richard Moon, born 1790 in Wadhurst, Sussex.

Except for a brief period near the end of his life ,where John Moon ran a fishmongers shop in Tunbridge Wells at 1 Calverley Prospect (1840 Pigots) ,he lived in Wadhurst, Sussex and died there. All ten of his children were born in Wadhurst between 1786 and 1808 and of his daughters were Mary, Frances,Philadelphia, Elizabeth,Jane,Emma and Eliza, none of whom could be traced to Tunbridge Wells. Of his sons Richard Moon, born 1790 in Wadhurst found his way to Tunbridge Wells where he established his fishmongers shop at Chapel Place. John’s son George born 1796 in Wadhurst lived largely with his wife and children in Pluckley and Stalisfield, Kent and although he was in Tunbridge Wells for a brief time in the 1840’s is of no particular interest in the search for Patty Moon.

Turning now to Richard Moon ,the Chapel Place fishmonger,he is found in the 1841 census as a fishmonger at Chapel Place. With him was his wife Priscilla , nee Hook, who he married at St Martin in the Fields in 1810. She was born 1791 in Penshurst, according to census records. Living with Richard and his wife in 1841 were their two sons Thomas, born 1826 in Tunbridge Wells and Henry born in Tunbridge Wells in 1839.

The 1851 census, taken at Chapel Place gave Richard as a fishmonger. With him was his wife Priscilla ; their son Richard, born 1821 in Tunbridge Wells, and Richards grandson William Henry Steege, born 1842 in Tunbridge Wells.

The 1861 census, taken at Chapel Place gave Richard as a fishmonger employing 2 men and 3 boys. With him was his wife Priscilla; his grandson William Henry Steege and one house servant.

Richard’s wife Priscilla died in Tunbridge Wells in 1862 and was buried in the Woodbury Park Cemetery. Probate records for Richard Moon gave him as a fishmonger of Tunbridge Wells who died in Tunbridge Wells November 24,1866. The executors of his 600 pound estate was his grandson William Henry Steege a fishmonger of Tunbridge Wells, and John Chapman a schoolmaster of Tunbridge Wells. Richard was buried in the Woodbury Park Cemetery. The family headstone is shown opposite and bears the names of Richard Moon (1820-1852) and his parents Richard Moon (1790-1866) and Priscilla Moon (1791-1862).  Could Priscilla Moon have been “Patty Moon” ? Perhaps so but in my opinion not the most likely source of the name and living at Chapel Place she would have no need to travel along Patty Moon’s Walk.

 

 

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